Guru Purnima Meaning – More Sathya Sai Memories

Photo  sent to me by Trina SN who took the photo from her Prashanti Nilayam flat window on the evening of Guru Purnima,  2011

Guru’s mission:

The Guru’s mission appears to be two-fold. The first and most important concern of the Guru is to awaken, elevate and transform the seeker. The second and final purpose of the Guru is paradoxically to help the disciple seeker to transcend this state of complete dependence on the Master, which dependence the Guru himself had taken such pains to foster. The final spurt of realizing his true identity with God is exclusively the Seeker’s job.


Guru Mantra: Its Significance

“Today (28 July 1999) is Guru Purnima. What its significance?

Gurur-Brahma Gurur-Vishnu

Gurur-Devo Maheshwara

Guru Saakshaat Param Brahma

Tasmui Shri Guruve Namah.



The Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara are within us. That is why I often say you are not one, but three. This is the meaning of the three words Bhur, Bhuvah, Svaha in the Gayatri Mantra. Bhur means Bhu-loka (earth). The earth is made up of matter. Therefore human body, which is also made up of matter, is called Bhu-loka. This can be referred to as materilization. Bhuvah means life force (Prana). It is this life force that makes the body move. This is vibration. Svaha means wisdom. This is radiation. The Vedas declare, ‘Prajnanam Brahma’. This Prajnana is nothing but radiation. Human being is a combination of materialization, vibration and radiation. You do not need to search God outside. Turn your vision inward, there you find God.” Sai Baba, SS, 8/99, p. 201

Trinity: Brahma, Vishnu And Maheswara As Guru

Meaning Of The Trinity

“The Gita declares,’ Eeshwara dwells, 0 Arjuna, in the heart region of all beings (Eeshwaras-sarva-bhootaanaam Hrid-deshe Aq’uana Tishthati). Eeshwara therefore means the Lord of the heart. He illumines the heart of every being. This means the Divine Power of Eeshwara is present in every heart. The other name given to Eeshwara is the Lord of the Heart, Atma.

It is from the heart that the mind has emerged. The mind corresponds to the Vishnu Principle. Vishnu means all-pervasive. The mind is equally all-pervasive. ‘Mano-moolam Idam Jagat’ (The mind is the basis of the cosmos). The mind pervades the entire universe. Hence, it signifies the Vishnu Principle.

Brahma is traditionally described as arising from the navel of Vishnu. It is from the mind the speech has come. ‘Vaak’ is the embodiment of Brahma. Hence, Brahma has, among other names ‘Shabda Brahmamayee’ sound (Shabda) as Brahma.

Thus, Eeshwara, Vishnu and Brahma symbolize the heart, mind and faculty of speech. The combination of all the three represents the Atma. Hence, each of the three should be revered as the One Supreme Guru in three forms. In ‘Guru Brahma’, the Brahma referred to here is not the creator. It refers to ‘Vaak’. Guru Vishnu refers to the all-pervasive mind, which is present in all beings. This is the Vishnu Principle. ‘Guru-Devo Maheshwarah’ refers to the seat of the heart. ‘Guru Saakshaat Para-Brahma Tasmaii Shri Gurve Namah.’ This means that unity of speech, mind and heart represents the Supreme Atma, which should be revered as the Guru.” Sai Baba, SS, 8/88, p. 199

Trinity Represented By Three Gunas (Qualities)

“The Sanskrit stanza which hails the Guru as Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara and as Parabrahman is misinterpreted. The right approach is to consider Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara as the Guru. These three are symbolized by the three Gunas: Brahma is

Rajas, Vishnu is Satva and Shiva is Tamas. The whole cosmos is constituted by the three Gunas. The three Gunas are present in man. The Trinity is present in the form of three Gunas in every human heart.” Sai Baba, SS, 8/96, p. 201

“Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara are not entities with forms. The Trinity represents the deified expression of three qualities. The Puranas have misrepresented Brahma as a four-headed deity engaged in cosmic creation. This is not correct. In fact the Trinity represents the three Gunas (Satva, Rajas and Tamas). There are five elemental powers in nature – earth (Bhumi), water (Aapa), fire (Agni), air (Vaayu) and space (Akaasha). If you want to understand the process of creation, the order of describing the elements has to be reversed. Starting from Akaasha (space), we have in succession air, fire, water, and earth. Nature has to be understood in two ways; one, in relation to the process of creation; the other, in relation to everyday experience. Likewise, when the order of Brahma, Vishnu and Eeshwara is viewed in relation to creation, it has to be reversed. We have Eeshwara, Vishnu and Brahma in that order.” Sai Baba, SS, 8/88, p. 199

Trinity Represented By Colours

“Three colours have been ascribed to the three Gunas. It is commonly believed that Vishnu represents the Satva Guna. It is not so. The Satva Guna is really the attribute of Eeshwara (Shiva). It is not subject to Maya (delusion). In the state of Yogic sleep (Yoga Nidra), it acquires the Chit- Shakti (the power of awareness) and appears as Shuddha Atma (the Pure Absolute). Hence, Satva represents Eeshwara Principle. Its colour is white.

Rajo-guna manifests itself in likes and dislike. But this is wrong. It is a quality associated with Vishnu. Vishnu has been depicted as a deity bearing the conch, the discus, mace and lotus. Vishnu has also been described as “Alankaara-swarupa’ (one who is embellished by decorations). Vishnu also bears the name ‘Vishwambhara’ (one who protects and rules over the universe). As a ruler, he has the Rajo-guna. The colour of the Rajo-guna is red.

Then there is Brahma. The Rajo-guna has been attributed to Brahma. This is incorrect. Brahma represents Tamo-guna. Tamo-guna is associated with (Andhakaara). It is filled with ‘Mamakaara’ (the sense of possessiveness, attachment, ego) and ‘Abhimaana’ (pride). These two impulses account for creation. If there were no sense of ‘I’ and ‘Mine’, the creative process would not go on. These two are the insignia of Tamo-guna, represented by the black colour.

White, red and black are the most important colours. All colours are merging in these three. Likewise, there are people in the world, people with Satva-guna, Rajo-guna and Tamo-guna, distinguished by one or other of three colours.” Sai Baba. SS, 8/88, p. 200


Trinity Represents Pranava (AUM)

“The verse which speaks of the Guru as Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara (Shiva) is quoted often. But, the One has not broken into three, one part in charge of creation, another who fosters and maintains and the third dissolves and destroys. The Pranava Mantra OM is the symbol of the One. It is composed of three sounds- A (as in far), U (as in push) and M (as in hum). Brahma is ‘A’, Vishnu ‘U’ and Shiva is ‘M’ and all three are indivisibly united in AUM. The problem this verse poses is whether Guru is God or God is Guru, the ever-present, the ever-compassionate, the witness who resides in the heart.” Sai Baba, SS, 7/85. p. 174

Residence Of Trinity

“Regard the body as a temple in which the Trinity – Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara- reside. There are no separate places where Brahma, Vishnu and Eeshwara dwell like Vaikunta or Kailasha. These are delusions born of ignorance. God is inside you, outside you, around you. You have to recognise this truth and live according to it. In the name of Guru-Purnima, you perform some Pujas for some persons and waste your lives. There is only one Guru. He is God. That Guru is within you. You are seeking all over the world. Your qualities are in you in the form of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwara, and can protect you, elevate you or ruin you. When you act righteously and pursue the right path, they will protect you by their divine potencies.” Sai Baba, SS, 8/88, p. 202

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photo taken 1949 – Source: Sai Communities
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Beloved Baba, we remember your words on this your day.

Note to readers: all SathyaSai Photos that have been edited by me, will be in future, watermarked. thank you.